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Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2018 Jul-Dec;8(2):361-364. doi: 10.4103/ams.ams_176_18.

Cervicofacial Actinomycosis and its Management.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Cervicofacial actinomycosis is an invasive destructive infectious syndrome, caused by Gram-positive, branching filamentous bacteria, Actinomyces. Most of the cases are traced to an odontogenic source with periapical abscess and posttraumatic or surgical complications with poor hygiene and immunosuppression as contributing factors. Diagnosis is often delayed because of nonspecific and prolonged symptoms usually mimicking a malignant or a granulomatous lesion. Solitary or multiple abscesses and fistula formation across normal tissue planes accompany chronic draining lesions and may lead to invasion of viscera. Hence, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment is mandatory to reduce morbidity. In this paper, we report two cases of cervicofacial actinomycosis, one presented with intraoral granulomatous lesion treated with surgical curettage and intramuscular penicillin and another case with extraoral swelling and multiple draining sinuses treated with oral antibiotics.

KEYWORDS:

Actinomycosis; cervicofacial; granulomatous

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