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Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2018 Jul-Dec;8(2):320-323. doi: 10.4103/ams.ams_191_18.

Conscious Sedation in Dentistry.

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Department of Anaesthesiology, Civil Hospital, Panchkula, Haryana, India.
Department of Medicine, HS Judge Institute of Dental Sciences, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India.


Sedation in dentistry has been a controversial topic due to questions being raised over its safety, especially in dental chair. Dental fear and anxiety are not only common in children but also significantly prevalent among adults due to high intensity of pain. Sharing of airway between the anesthesiologist and the dentist remains the greatest challenge. The purpose of this review is to study the recent trends in conscious sedation in the field of dentistry from an anesthesiologist's perspective. It will provide a practical outline of the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and routes of administration of the drugs or gases used.


Benzodiazepines; ketamine; propofol; sedation; sevoflurane

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