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Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2018 Jul-Dec;8(2):281-286. doi: 10.4103/ams.ams_149_18.

The Reliability of Free Buccal Fat Graft for Treatment of Severe Gingival Recessions at Mandibular and Maxillary Exposed Roots.

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1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Galilee Medical Center, Nahariya, Israel.

Abstract

Introduction:

The occurrence of gingival recessions (GRs) is multifactorial, mainly due to trauma induced by traumatic toothbrushing, orthodontic tooth movement, as well as anatomical factors such as bone dehiscence, teeth malposition, and muscle pull. Fat tissue in the oral cavity is widely available and easily accessed. The use of pedicled buccal fat pad (BFP) graft is well known in maxillofacial surgery and has been shown promising results, becoming safe and effective graft for several clinical applications. However the use of fat tissue harvested from the buccal fat pad as a free graft (BFFP) is less common, but recently, it has been described by the author for different intraoral clinical applications. The aim of this study is to present additional application using the BFFG for coverage of severe muco-GRs and to discuss the promising outcomes of this procedure.

Patients and Methods:

A technique for harvesting intraoral BFFG for the use in mucogingival surgery is presented. A total of 10 patients (age: 38.3 ± 6.8 years) with 17 teeth presenting severe GRs (4.8 ± 1.8 mm) were included in the study. Recessions treated using BFFGs were recorded at baseline and 12 months after surgery.

Results:

A total of 17 GRs were treated using BFFG. At 12 months, significant reduction of recession occurred. Initial recession was reduced from 4.8 ± 1.8 mm to 1.7 ± 0.9 mm. A mean of 3.1-mm reduction in GR was achieved compared to baseline.

Conclusions:

The new, simple, technique for treatment of severe GRs using BFFG resulted in significant reduction of GRs.

KEYWORDS:

Buccal fat pad; connective tissue graft; free fat graft; gingival recession; mucogingival surgery

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