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Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2018 Jul-Dec;8(2):276-280. doi: 10.4103/ams.ams_187_18.

Management of Frontal Sinus Injuries.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Science, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Puducherry, India.

Abstract

Purpose:

The purpose of the present study is to report an overview of fracture patterns and surgical approaches for 15 patients who were treated in our Indhira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Pondicherry, India from 2010 to 2015.

Method and Material:

Fifteen people were included in the study, which were diagnosed with anterior table fracture of the frontal sinus and were randomly admitted in our institution. All patients were evaluated preoperatively with axial and coronal computed tomography scans before operating. The parameters used to classify the patients were age, mode of injury, associated injury, and details of fracture, surgical approaches, fixation, and conservative management.

Results:

Analysis of 15 patients based on parameters showed that the ages of patients varied between 22 and 36 years due to road traffic accident as the common etiology. There were associated fractures in the maxillofacial region seen in 11 patients and the rest were isolated frontal sinus fractures. Conservative management was opted in six patients and for others, surgical approach to the fracture site was done through existing laceration and by bicoronal approach. Three of the cases showed comminuted fracture of anterior and posterior table. The overall contour of the frontal bone was good in all the patients. None of the patients required any immediate reoperation or developed any delayed abscess or mucocele formation.

Conclusion:

Decision-making regarding the best time to treat, the surgical approach and the technique depends on the severity and the extent of the fracture and associated complications. Our protocol was to follow up and observe the undisplaced fractures and operate anterior wall defects. If there was a fracture involvement of posterior frontal wall, treatment can be planned along with neurosurgical consultation and then operate depending on the associated complications.

KEYWORDS:

Anterior and posterior table fractures; frontal injuries; surgical management

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