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Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2018 Jul-Dec;8(2):218-223. doi: 10.4103/ams.ams_150_17.

Comparison of Attachment and Proliferation of Human Gingival Fibroblasts on Different Collagen Membranes.

Author information

Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Dental Biomaterials, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Background and Aim:

Human gingival fibroblasts cultured on collagen membrane as an alternative treatment method used in tissue regeneration can lead to improved results in root coverage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the human gingival fibroblast proliferation and adhesion cultured on three types of collagen membranes.

Materials and Methods:

In this in vitro study, first-line human gingival fibroblast cells (HGF1-RT1) prepared and cultured on three membranes, including porcine pericardium (PP) (Jason, Botiss dental), human pericardium (HP) (Regen, Faravardeh Baft Iranian), and glutaraldehyde cross-linked (GC) (BioMend Extend, Zimmer Dental). Cell survival was assessed using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) after 24, 48, and 72 h and 7 days. Furthermore, morphology and adhesion of cells on the membrane were evaluated after 1 and 7 days by electron microscopy (scanning electron microscopy [SEM]). Statistical analysis was performed using two-way ANOVA with a significance level of 0.05.


Based on the results of MTT, cell survival on HP and PP membranes after 7 days significantly increased (P < 0.001), but for the GC membrane, it was reduced after 7 days (P = 0.031). Cell survival on HP and PP membranes did not differ (P = 1) and was more than GC (P < 0.001). SEM images showed that the adhesion of cells was better on HP and PP membranes than GC.


The results of this study showed that natural collagen membranes (HP and PP) similarly support proliferation and adhesion of gingival fibroblasts. Survival and adhesion of gingival fibroblasts on cross-linked collagen membrane was less than two other membranes.


Collagen membrane; fibroblasts; tissue engineering

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