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Indian J Urol. 2019 Jan-Mar;35(1):41-47. doi: 10.4103/iju.IJU_223_18.

Urethral stricture after bipolar transurethral resection of prostate - truth vs hype: A randomized controlled trial.

Author information

Department of Urology, Base Hospital, New Delhi, India.
Department of Urology, INHS Asvini, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Department of Urology, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi, India.



Bipolar transurethral resection of prostate (B-TURP) was introduced as an alternative procedure to minimize the surgical complications of monopolar TURP (M-TURP). However, there are concerns about increased incidence of stricture urethra (SU) post B-TURP. This study was designed to analyze the incidence of SU among patients undergoing M-TURP versus B-TURP.

Materials and Methods:

This is a randomized controlled, single-blinded study; randomization was performed using a stratified permuted randomization algorithm (1:1 ratio) and only the patients were blinded. Both M-TURP and B-TURP were performed with a 26 Fr resectoscope; the electrosurgical generators were Karl Storz Autocon II 400 and Olympus UES-40 SurgMaster (TUR in saline [TURIS] method), respectively. Follow-up visits were scheduled at 3, 6, and 12 months post surgery and patients with lower urinary tract symptoms and a maximum urinary flow rate of <10 ml/sec on uroflowmetry underwent retrograde urethrography to assess for development of SU.


Forty patients were randomised to each arm. None developed SU in the monopolar group, whereas there were three cases in the bipolar group (P = 0.2). Among these three patients, two belonged to the failed medical management subgroup and one to the refractory urinary retention subgroup (P = 1.0).


The incidence of SU following B-TURP using the TURIS system was comparable to the conventional M-TURP. Moreover, the incidence of SU was same for both the techniques when sub-grouped according to the indication for surgery that is failed medical management versus refractory urinary retention.

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