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EMBO J. 2019 Feb 15;38(4). pii: e99708. doi: 10.15252/embj.201899708. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

The pseudokinase TRIB1 toggles an intramolecular switch to regulate COP1 nuclear export.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
2
Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA natalia.jura@ucsf.edu.
3
Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Abstract

COP1 is a highly conserved ubiquitin ligase that regulates diverse cellular processes in plants and metazoans. Tribbles pseudokinases, which only exist in metazoans, act as scaffolds that interact with COP1 and its substrates to facilitate ubiquitination. Here, we report that, in addition to this scaffolding role, TRIB1 promotes nuclear localization of COP1 by disrupting an intramolecular interaction between the WD40 domain and a previously uncharacterized regulatory site within COP1. This site, which we have termed the pseudosubstrate latch (PSL), resembles the consensus COP1-binding motif present in known COP1 substrates. Our findings support a model in which binding of the PSL to the WD40 domain stabilizes a conformation of COP1 that is conducive to CRM1-mediated nuclear export, and TRIB1 displaces this intramolecular interaction to induce nuclear retention of COP1. Coevolution of Tribbles and the PSL in metazoans further underscores the importance of this role of Tribbles in regulating COP1 function.

KEYWORDS:

COP1; E3 ubiquitin ligase; Tribbles; nuclear export; pseudokinase

PMID:
30692133
PMCID:
PMC6376274
[Available on 2020-02-15]
DOI:
10.15252/embj.201899708

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