Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Biochem. 2019 Apr 1;165(4):309-315. doi: 10.1093/jb/mvz005.

Roles of angiopoietin-like proteins in regulation of stem cell activity.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Genetics, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, Japan.
2
Center for Metabolic Regulation of Healthy Aging (CMHA), Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, Japan.
3
Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED), 1-7-1 Otemachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Various types of stem cells reside in the body and self-renew throughout an organism's lifetime. Such self-renewal is essential for maintenance of tissue homeostasis and is co-ordinately regulated by stem cell-intrinsic signals and signals from stem cell niche. Angiopoietin is a niche-derived signalling molecule well known to contribute to maintenance of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs) are structurally similar to angiopoietin, and recent studies reveal that they function in angiogenesis, lipid and energy metabolism and regulation of inflammation. However, unlike angiopoietins, activities of ANGPTLs in stem cell maintenance have remained unclear. Recently, several studies have reported an association of ANGPTL signalling with stem cell maintenance. Here, we summarize those findings with a focus on HSCs, intestinal stem cells, neural stem cells and cancer stem cells and discuss mechanisms underlying ANGPTL-mediated stem cell maintenance.

KEYWORDS:

angiopoietin; angiopoietin-like protein; niche; stem cell; stem cell maintenance

PMID:
30690458
DOI:
10.1093/jb/mvz005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center