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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2019 Apr 1;74(4):1021-1027. doi: 10.1093/jac/dky547.

Tenofovir DF/emtricitabine/rilpivirine as HIV post-exposure prophylaxis: results from a multicentre prospective study.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious Disease, CHU Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, France.
2
COREVIH Pays de la Loire, CHU Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, France.
3
Internal Medicine Department, CHD Vendée, La Roche-sur-Yon, France.
4
Internal Medicine Department, CH Le Mans, France.
5
Internal Medicine Department, CH St Nazaire, France.
6
CIC UIC 1413 INSERM, CHU Nantes, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Since 2016, French guidelines have recommended the single-tablet regimen of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)/emtricitabine (FTC)/rilpivirine (RPV) as HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), but few data support this usage. We evaluated the tolerability, treatment completion and occurrence of HIV seroconversion associated with this combination in occupational and non-occupational PEP.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We conducted an observational, prospective, multicentre, open-label, non-randomized study in five French HIV centres. Adults requiring PEP according to national French guidelines were prescribed TDF/FTC/RPV one pill once a day for 28 days. Clinical and biological tolerability was assessed at week 4; occurrence of HIV seroconversion was evaluated after week 16.

RESULTS:

From March 2016 to March 2017, 163 courses of PEP were prescribed for 150 sexual exposures (44% heterosexual and 56% MSM) and 13 non-sexual exposures. Five participants stopped PEP after a few days because the source person was HIV uninfected. Of the remaining 158 individuals, 15 (9.5%) were lost to follow-up at week 4, 7 (4.4%) prematurely discontinued PEP [patient's decision/non-adherence (n = 3) or adverse events (gastrointestinal intolerance n = 3, fatigue n = 1)] and 136 (86.1%) completed the 28 day treatment. Overall, 69.6% of participants declared at least one adverse event, mostly of mild to moderate intensity and no serious adverse events or hepatic or renal toxicity occurred. No HIV seroconversion occurred at week 16.

CONCLUSIONS:

The low rate of premature treatment interruption, the good tolerability and the absence of documented HIV seroconversion support the current French guidelines of a 28 day course of TDF/FTC/RPV for sexual and non-sexual PEP.

PMID:
30689937
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dky547

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