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Sports Health. 2019 May/Jun;11(3):265-271. doi: 10.1177/1941738119825842. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Alpine Ski Racing Injuries.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.
2
Larner College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.
3
Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts.
4
Cleveland Clinic Orthopaedic and Rheumatologic Institute, Cleveland, Ohio.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

This article reviews the epidemiology of alpine ski racing-related injuries, risk factors, mechanisms of injury, and injury prevention strategies.

EVIDENCE ACQUISITION:

Pertinent literature from peer-reviewed publications from 1976 through 2018.

STUDY DESIGN:

Clinical review.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level 5.

RESULTS:

The rate of injury in alpine ski racing is high. In general, knee injuries are the most common, with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) disruptions being the most significant in terms of time loss from sport. Three specific mechanisms of ACL injury in alpine ski racers have recently been described (slip-catch, dynamic snowplow, and landing back-weighted). In contrast to other sports, female ski racers are not clearly at greater risk for ACL injury, especially at the highest level of competition. A high percentage of ski racers are able to return to their previous level of competition after ACL injury. Risk factors for injury and methods of injury prevention have been proposed; however, the rate of injury, particularly ACL injuries, has not decreased significantly.

CONCLUSION:

Alpine ski racing has a high injury rate. ACL injuries in particular remain problematic. Further study is needed to identify modifiable risk factors and implementation of injury prevention strategies.

KEYWORDS:

ACL tear; alpine skiing; injury; ski racing

PMID:
30689522
PMCID:
PMC6537318
[Available on 2020-01-28]
DOI:
10.1177/1941738119825842
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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