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Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2019;15(5):1100-1105. doi: 10.1080/21645515.2019.1568160. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding infection and vaccination in patients with rheumatic diseases in China.

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1
a Department of Rheumatology , the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University , Guangzhou , China.

Abstract

Objective Vaccines including pneumococcal and influenza vaccines are recommended in patients with immunosuppressive treatment. However, vaccine coverage remains extremely low. Our study was to investigate vaccination uptake, knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) towards certain vaccinations among these patients, and to identify the factors influencing willingness to be vaccinated. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among patients with rheumatic diseases in a tertiary hospital in China. Baseline assessments were completed by using questionnaires including vaccination uptake and KAP towards certain infections and vaccinations. Results 235 patients completed the study. Mean age was 39.69 years old, while 66.4% were females. Only 6.4% of the participants once had taken vaccine in recent five years. One patient had influenza vaccination, and none ever took pneumococcal vaccine. 3.8% had doctor's recommendation on taking influenza, pneumococcal or herpes zoster vaccine. Major reasons given for not being vaccinated included "unnecessary" (8.9%) and "troublesome to take vaccines" (8.5%). Patients would take influenza or pneumococcal vaccines if they had heard of them before, had knowledge of infection, and had belief in vaccine's safety and reliability (p < 0.05). Conclusion Vaccine coverage among people with rheumatic diseases was low in China. Methods to improve KAP toward infections and vaccinations should be taken.

KEYWORDS:

Vaccination; infection; influenza; pneumonia; rheumatic diseases

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