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Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2019 Jan 28;19(1):5. doi: 10.1007/s11882-019-0839-5.

Next-Generation Approaches for the Treatment of Food Allergy.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, John Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolfe St., CMSC 1102, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.
2
Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, John Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolfe St., CMSC 1102, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA. rwood@jhmi.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

IgE-mediated food allergies are an increasing health concern, and current management includes food avoidance and use of emergency medications. Effective treatment of food allergy is highly desirable. Next generation approaches for the treatment of food allergy aim to improve both safety and efficacy, potentially including long-term tolerance.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Oral immunotherapy (OIT) and epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) will likely be integrated into clinical practice as part of food allergy management in the near future. Newer approaches, such as sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT), modified proteins, lysosomal-associated membrane protein DNA (LAMP DNA) vaccines, and the use of immunomodulatory agents, are early in development and depending on results, could also become important treatment options. This is a review of novel approaches to the treatment of food allergy that are currently under investigation, including the use of SLIT, modified proteins, probiotics, Chinese herbal supplements, biologic therapies, and DNA vaccines, as well as a summary of the current status of OIT and EPIT.

KEYWORDS:

Biologic therapy; DNA vaccine; Food allergy; Immunotherapy; Modified proteins; Treatment

PMID:
30689123
DOI:
10.1007/s11882-019-0839-5

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