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Ophthalmologe. 2019 Sep;116(9):865-871. doi: 10.1007/s00347-019-0850-1.

[The use of sunglasses during leisure time and work : Lack of prevention of sun-induced eye damage].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Mannheimer Institut für Public Health, Sozial- und Präventivmedizin, Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim, Universität Heidelberg, Ludolf-Krehl-Str. 7-11, 68167, Mannheim, Deutschland. sven.schneider@medma.uni-heidelberg.de.
2
Mannheimer Institut für Public Health, Sozial- und Präventivmedizin, Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim, Universität Heidelberg, Ludolf-Krehl-Str. 7-11, 68167, Mannheim, Deutschland.
3
Augenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Deutschland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study aimed at collecting representative national data on the use of sunglasses on sunny summer days during leisure time or work as well as identifying population and professional groups with a pronounced lack of preventive measures to avoid sun-induced eye damage.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Within the representative National Cancer Aid Monitoring, data on the use of sunglasses during leisure time was assessed among 3000 individuals aged 14-45 years in 2015, as well as on the use during outdoor work among 485 workers aged 14-45 years in 2016. Associations between the use of sunglasses and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed with the χ2-test. Additionally, descriptive and bivariate methods were used to assess connections between the use of sunglasses at work and each professional group.

RESULTS:

While more than half of the general population normally or often wear sunglasses on a sunny summer day, only one third of outdoor workers do so. While approximately every seventh individual surveyed never wears sunglasses during leisure time, among outdoor workers it is one out of three. The use during leisure time increases with age.

DISCUSSION:

Use of sunglasses during work could be supported by targeted information on UV-induced eye damage by ophthalmologists and company physicians with additional support from accident insurances and employers. Concerning preventive measures occupational groups such as landscapers, farmers and bricklayers who are strongly exposed to sunlight but rarely wear sunglasses are important groups.

KEYWORDS:

Eye; Occupational exposure; Primary prevention; Sunlight; Ultraviolet rays

PMID:
30689024
DOI:
10.1007/s00347-019-0850-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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