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J Vis Exp. 2019 Jan 12;(143). doi: 10.3791/58430.

Normothermic Ex Situ Heart Perfusion in Working Mode: Assessment of Cardiac Function and Metabolism.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta.
3
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta.
4
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Alberta.
5
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Alberta.
6
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta; Canadian National Transplant Research Program.
7
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta; Canadian National Transplant Research Program; Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta; dhfreed@ualberta.ca.

Abstract

The current standard method for organ preservation (cold storage, CS), exposes the heart to a period of cold ischemia that limits the safe preservation time and increases the risk of adverse post-transplantation outcomes. Moreover, the static nature of CS does not allow for organ evaluation or intervention during the preservation interval. Normothermic ex situ heart perfusion (ESHP) is a novel method for preservation of the donated heart that minimizes cold ischemia by providing oxygenated, nutrient-rich perfusate to the heart. ESHP has been shown to be non-inferior to CS in the preservation of standard-criteria donor hearts and has also facilitated the clinical transplantation of the hearts donated after the circulatory determination of death. Currently, the only available clinical ESHP device perfuses the heart in an unloaded, non-working state, limiting assessments of myocardial performance. Conversely, ESHP in working mode provides the opportunity for comprehensive evaluation of cardiac performance by assessment of functional and metabolic parameters under physiologic conditions. Moreover, earlier experimental studies have suggested that ESHP in working mode may result in improved functional preservation. Here, we describe the protocol for ex situ perfusion of the heart in a large mammal (porcine) model, which is reproducible for different animal models and heart sizes. The software program in this ESHP apparatus allows for real-time and automated control of the pump speed to maintain desired aortic and left atrial pressure and evaluates a variety of functional and electrophysiological parameters with minimal need for supervision/manipulation.

PMID:
30688296
DOI:
10.3791/58430

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