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Transfus Clin Biol. 2019 Feb;26(1):10-17. doi: 10.1016/j.tracli.2018.05.003. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Donor characteristics do not influence transfusion-related acute lung injury incidence in a secondary analysis of two case-control studies.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Experimental Intensive Care and Anesthesia, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Intensive Care, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department Product and Process Development, Sanquin Blood Supply, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
2
Laboratory of Experimental Intensive Care and Anesthesia, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Intensive Care, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department Product and Process Development, Sanquin Blood Supply, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: e.k.vandeweerdt@amc.uva.nl.
3
Department of Donor Studies, Sanquin Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
4
Department of Blood Cell Research, Sanquin Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department Product and Process Development, Sanquin Blood Supply, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the relation between donor characteristics and TRALI incidence.

BACKGROUND:

Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a potentially fatal complication of transfusion. In pre-clinical studies and several clinical studies, TRALI has been related to loss of product quality during red blood cell (RBC) storage, called the "storage lesion". Donor characteristics, as for example age, genetics and life style choices influence this "storage lesion". We hypothesized that donor sex, age and blood type is related to TRALI incidence.

METHODS/MATERIALS:

We performed a secondary analysis of two cohort studies, designed to identify TRALI risk factors by matching TRALI patients to transfused controls. We obtained donor sex, age and blood type from the Dutch Blood Bank Sanquin and investigated TRALI incidence in patients who were exposed to a certain donor characteristic. We used Kruskal-Wallis testing to compare the number of transfused products and Chi2 testing to compare proportions of TRALI patients and transfused control.

RESULTS:

After implementation of the male-donor only plasma strategy, patients received more transfusion products from male donors. However, we did not detect a relation between TRALI incidence and donor sex. Both TRALI patients and transfused controls received mainly products from donors over 41 years old, but donor age did not influence TRALI risk. Donor blood type, the transfusion of blood type-compatible and blood type-matched products also had no influence on TRALI incidence.

CONCLUSION:

We conclude that in two cohorts of TRALI patients, donor age, donor sex and donor blood type are unrelated to TRALI.

KEYWORDS:

Age; Blood type; Caractéristiques du donneur Âge; Donor characteristics; Groupe sanguin; Lésions pulmonaires aiguës liées à la transfusion; Sex; Sexe; Transfusion-related acute lung injury

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