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Bratisl Lek Listy. 2018;119(12):770-775. doi: 10.4149/BLL_2018_140.

Is elevated triglyceride high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio a risk factor that causes acute coronary syndrome to appear earlier?

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between the triglyceride/high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio and the risk of acute myocardial infarction in young adults.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A total of 621 patients, who underwent coronary angiography (CAG) due to Myocardial Infarction (MI) at our hospital were included in this study. Demographic characteristics, risk factor profile, laboratory test results, electrocardiographic and CAG findings were assessed in the selected groups.

RESULTS:

Total cholesterol, triglyceride/high density lipoprotein cholesterol (Tg/HDL) ratio, Tg levels, were higher in younger patients with MI, while glucose and high-density lipoprotein levels were lower. Using propensity score matching in the matched population comparing young patients to the older ones, serum triglyceride levels [179 (145-231) vs 148 (101-197)] and triglyceride to high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio [5.8 (4.1-9.1) vs 3.0 (1.8-4.6)] were significantly higher, whereas high density lipoprotein levels were observed dramatically lower (32.6 ± 8.2 vs 41.7 ± 8.8).

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrated that Tg/HDL ratio may be an important predictor for an acute coronary syndrome in the young adult population. Tg/HDL ratio can be used to prevent MI in young adults (Tab. 3, Fig. 1, Ref. 32.).

KEYWORDS:

acute myocardial infarction in young adults; triglyceride HDL cholesterol.

PMID:
30686016
DOI:
10.4149/BLL_2018_140
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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