Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Hepatol. 2019 Jun;70(6):1159-1169. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2019.01.019. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 1 (NOD1) modulates liver ischemia reperfusion through the expression adhesion molecules.

Author information

1
LIRIC - Lille Inflammation Research International Center - U995, Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, F-59000 Lille, France; Service des Maladies de l'Appareil Digestif et de la Nutrition, CHU Lille, F-59000 Lille, France. Electronic address: guillaume.lassailly@chru-lille.fr.
2
LIRIC - Lille Inflammation Research International Center - U995, Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, F-59000 Lille, France.
3
LIRIC - Lille Inflammation Research International Center - U995, Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, F-59000 Lille, France; Institut de Chimie Pharmaceutique de Lille, Faculté de Pharmacie, Univ Lille, F-59000 Lille, France.
4
LIRIC - Lille Inflammation Research International Center - U995, Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, F-59000 Lille, France; Service des Maladies de l'Appareil Digestif et de la Nutrition, CHU Lille, F-59000 Lille, France.
5
Service d'anatomopathologie, CHU Lille, F-59000 Lille, France.
6
UF 8832 - Biochimie Automatisée, Pôle de Biologie Pathologie Génétique, CHRU de Lille, F-59000 Lille, France.
7
LIRIC - Lille Inflammation Research International Center - U995, Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, F-59000 Lille, France; Université d'artois, F-62300 Lens, France.
8
U1011 - EGID, Univ. Lille, Inserm, Institut Pasteur de Lille, F-59000 Lille, France.
9
LIRIC - Lille Inflammation Research International Center - U995, Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, F-59000 Lille, France. Electronic address: laurent.dubuquoy@inserm.fr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

In liver transplantation, organ shortage leads to the use of marginal grafts that are more susceptible to ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. We identified nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 1 (NOD1) as an important modulator of polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN)-induced liver injury, which occurs in IR. Herein, we aimed to elucidate the role of NOD1 in IR injury, particularly focusing on its effects on the endothelium and hepatocytes.

METHOD:

Nod1 WT and KO mice were treated with NOD1 agonists and subjected to liver IR. Expression of adhesion molecules was analyzed in total liver, isolated hepatocytes and endothelial cells. Interactions between PMNs and hepatocytes were studied in an ex vivo co-culture model using electron microscopy and lactate dehydrogenase levels. We generated NOD1 antagonist-loaded nanoparticles (np ALINO).

RESULTS:

NOD1 agonist treatment increased liver injury, PMN tissue infiltration and upregulated ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression 20 hours after reperfusion. NOD1 agonist treatment without IR increased expression of adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, VCAM-1) in total liver and more particularly in WT hepatocytes, but not in Nod1 KO hepatocytes. This induction is dependent of p38 and ERK signaling pathways. Compared to untreated hepatocytes, a NOD1 agonist markedly increased hepatocyte lysis in co-culture with PMNs as shown by the increase of lactate dehydrogenase in supernatants. Interaction between hepatocytes and PMNs was confirmed by electron microscopy. In a mouse model of liver IR, treatment with np ALINO significantly reduced the area of necrosis, aminotransferase levels and ICAM-1 expression.

CONCLUSION:

NOD1 regulates liver IR injury through induction of adhesion molecules and modulation of hepatocyte-PMN interactions. NOD1 antagonist-loaded nanoparticles reduced liver IR injury and provide a potential approach to prevent IR, especially in the context of liver transplantation.

LAY SUMMARY:

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 1 (NOD1) is as an important modulator of polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN)-induced liver injury, which occurs in ischemia-reperfusion. Here, we show that the NOD1 pathway targets liver adhesion molecule expression on the endothelium and on hepatocytes through p38 and ERK signaling pathways. The early increase of adhesion molecule expression after reperfusion emphasizes the importance of adhesion molecules in liver injury. In this study we generated nanoparticles loaded with NOD1 antagonist. These nanoparticles reduced liver necrosis by reducing PMN liver infiltration and adhesion molecule expression.

KEYWORDS:

Adhesion molecules; Hepatocytes; Innate immunity; Liver ischemia reperfusion; Liver transplantation; Nanoparticles antagonist

PMID:
30685324
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhep.2019.01.019

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center