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Biosci Rep. 2019 Feb 22;39(2). pii: BSR20180960. doi: 10.1042/BSR20180960. Print 2019 Feb 28.

Characterization of recombinant fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase gene mutations: evidence of inhibition/activation of FBPase protein by gene mutation.

Author information

1
Boston University, Biology Department, Boston, MA, U.S.A.
2
Roxbury Community College, STEM Biotechnolgy Division, Roxbury, MA, U.S.A.
3
Roxbury Community College, STEM Biotechnolgy Division, Roxbury, MA, U.S.A. kastieglitz@rcc.mass.edu.

Abstract

Specific residues of the highly regulated fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) enzyme serve as important contributors to the catalytic activity of the enzyme. Previous clinical studies exploring the genetic basis of hypoglycemia revealed two significant mutations in the coding region of the FBPase gene in patients with hypoglycemia, linking the AMP-binding site to the active site of the enzyme. In the present study, a full kinetic analysis of similar mutants was performed. Kinetic results of mutants Y164A and M177A revealed an approximate two to three-fold decrease in inhibitory constants (K i's) for natural inhibitors AMP and fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6-BP) compared with the Wild-type enzyme (WT). A separate mutation (M248D) was performed in the active site of the enzyme to investigate whether the enzyme could be activated. This mutant displayed an approximate seven-fold increase in K i for F2,6-BP. Interfacial mutants L56A and L73A exhibited an increase in K i for F2,6-BP by approximately five-fold. Mutations in the AMP-binding site (K112A and Y113A) demonstrated an eight to nine-fold decrease in AMP inhibition. Additionally, mutant M248D displayed a four-fold decrease in its apparent Michelis constant (K m), and a six-fold increase in catalytic efficiency (CE). The importance-and medical relevance-of specific residues for FBPase structural/functional relationships in both the catalytic site and AMP-binding site is discussed.

KEYWORDS:

allosteric regulation; enzymatic activity; hyperglycemia; hypoglycemia; mutagenesis

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