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FASEB J. 2019 Apr;33(4):5654-5666. doi: 10.1096/fj.201802145RR. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

TRB3 regulates skeletal muscle mass in food deprivation-induced atrophy.

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Division of Applied Physiology, Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.
Department of Anatomy, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.


Tribbles 3 (TRB3) is a pseudokinase that has been found in multiple tissues in response to various stress stimuli, such as nutrient deprivation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. We recently found that TRB3 has the potential to regulate skeletal muscle mass at the basal state. However, it has not yet been explored whether TRB3 regulates skeletal muscle mass under atrophic conditions. Here, we report that food deprivation for 48 h in mice significantly reduces muscle mass by ∼15% and increases TRB3 expression, which is associated with increased ER stress. Interestingly, inhibition of ER stress in C2C12 myotubes reduces food deprivation-induced expression of TRB3 and muscle-specific E3-ubiquitin ligases. In further in vivo experiments, muscle-specific TRB3 transgenic mice increase food deprivation-induced muscle atrophy compared with wild-type (WT) littermates presumably by the increased proteolysis. On the other hand, TRB3 knockout mice ameliorate food deprivation-induced atrophy compared with WT littermates by preserving a higher protein synthesis rate. These results indicate that TRB3 plays a pivotal role in skeletal muscle mass regulation under food deprivation-induced muscle atrophy and TRB3 could be a pharmaceutical target to prevent skeletal muscle atrophy.-Choi, R. H., McConahay, A., Silvestre, J. G., Moriscot, A. S., Carson, J. A., Koh, H.-J. TRB3 regulates skeletal muscle mass in food deprivation-induced atrophy.


Akt; FOXO; mTOR; protein degradation; protein synthesis

[Available on 2020-04-01]

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