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J Clin Gastroenterol. 2019 Apr;53(4):262-268. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000001174.

Implementation of Value-based Medicine (VBM) to Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C (HCV) Infection.

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Betty and Guy Beatty Center for Integrated Research, Inova Health System.
Department of Medicine, Center For Liver Disease, Inova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, VA.



With the significant clinical and economic burden of chronic HCV, effective treatment must be provided efficiently and appropriately. VBM is predicated upon improving health outcomes (clinical and quality) while optimizing the cost of delivering these outcomes. This review explores the concepts of VBM and how it can be used as a strategy for HCV eradication, using the United States as a case example. Once treated with interferon-based regimens, patients with HCV experienced low cure rates, very poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL), decreased work productivity and significant costs. In this context, the old treatment of HCV produced little value to the patient and the society. However, the development of new antiviral regimens for HCV which are free of interferon, has greatly improved treatment success rates as documented with very high cure rates and by improving patient-reported outcomes (PROs), including HRQoL. However, the short-term economic investment to deliver this curative treatment to all HCV-infected patients can be sizeable. In contrast, if one takes the long-term view from the societal perspective, these new treatment regimens can lead to savings by reducing the costs of long-term complications of HCV infection.


All of the necessary tools are now available to implement strategies to eradicate HCV. The new all oral direct acting antivirals brings value to the patients and the society because it leads to improvements of clinically important outcomes. Furthermore, the costs associated with these treatment regimens can be recovered by preventing the future economic burden of HCV-complications.

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