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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Jan;98(4):e14285. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000014285.

Co-outbreak of multidrug resistance and a novel ST3006 Klebsiella pneumoniae in a neonatal intensive care unit: A retrospective study.

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Shengli Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University.
Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, Fujian Provincial Hospital.
Department of Respiratory Medicine and Critical Care Medicine, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fuzhou, China.


The outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is a serious public health problem, especially in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Fifteen K. pneumoniae strains were isolated from 7 neonates during June 3 to 28, 2017 in an NICU. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by the Vitek 2 system and microbroth dilution method. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) were used to analyze the genetic relatedness of the isolates. Whole-genome sequencing and gene function analysis were performed to investigate pathogenicity and drug resistance and screen genomic islands.Three clones of K. pneumoniae were identified from 7 neonates: 7 strains of ST37, 7 of novel ST3006, and 1 of ST1224. Gene sequencing showed that the kpn1343 (ST37) strain harbored 12 resistance genes (OXA-33, TEM-1, SHV-11, AAC (6')-IId, AAC (3)-IIa, AAC (6')-Ib-cr, catB3, arr-3, sul1, oqxB, oqxA, CRP, and catB3) and included 15 genomic islands and 205 reduced virulence genes. The kpn1344 (ST3006) strain harbored 4 antibiotic-resistant genes (TEM-1, CTX-M-3, vgaC, and CRP) and included 19 genomic islands and 209 reduced virulence genes. MLST and PFGE showed that 15 strains of K. pneumoniae were divided into 3 groups with a high level of homology. ST1224 (kpn1362) was isolated on June 28, 2017, which was 10 days after the last isolate (kpn1359, June 18, 2017); thus, we speculated that ST1224 was not the clone that caused the outbreak.This co-outbreak of K. pneumoniae involved 2 clones: ST37 and ST3006. ST37 carried the multidrug-resistant genes, such as OXA-33, TEM-1, and SHV-11, and ST3006 was a novel K. pneumoniae ST typing. Whole-genome sequencing may be an effective method for screening bacterial-resistant genes and their functions.

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