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Dev Reprod. 2018 Dec;22(4):351-360. doi: 10.12717/DR.2018.22.4.351. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Expressional Patterns of Adipocyte-Associated Molecules in the Rat Epididymal Fat during Postnatal Development Period.

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1
Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon 34824, Korea.

Abstract

The adipogenesis is a maturation process of pre-adipocyte cell into mature lipid-filled adipocyte cell. The adipogenesis begins at the late prenatal stage and continues until the early postnatal age. Because the adipogenesis and formation of adipose tissue persist during postnatal period and are precisely regulated by the action of numerous gene products, the present research was attempted to determine the expressional patterns of adipose tissue-associated genes in the rat epididymal fat pad at different postnatal ages, from 7 days to 2 years of ages, using a quantitative real-time PCR analysis. The basal expression levels of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein gamma, sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1, fatty acid binding protein 4, adiponectin, leptin, and resistin at the early postnatal ages were significantly lower than those at the elderly ages, even though a fluctuation of expressional levels was observed at some ages. The lowest expressional level of delta like non-canonical Notch ligand 1 was detected at 44 days and 5 months of ages. The expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARĪ³) was the highest at 44 days of age, followed by a diminished expression of PPARĪ³ at the elderly ages. These results indicate the existence of a complex regulatory mechanism (s) for expression of adipose tissue-associated genes in the rat epididymal fat during postnatal period.

KEYWORDS:

Adipogenesis; Adipose; Epididymal fat; Gene expression; Postnatal development

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