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Sci Rep. 2019 Jan 24;9(1):712. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-37021-8.

The bacterial MrpORP is a novel Mrp/NBP35 protein involved in iron-sulfur biogenesis.

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Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, LCB, Marseille, France.
Microbial Stress Lab. UCIBIO, REQUIMTE, Department Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologica, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Campus da Caparica, Caparica, 2829-516, Portugal.
Univ Lyon, Université Lyon 1, CNRS, UMR5558, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Évolutive, 43 bd du 11 novembre 1918, F-69622, Villeurbanne, France.
Aix Marseille Univ, Université de Toulon, CNRS, IRD, MIO, Marseille, France.
Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, LCB, Marseille, France.


Despite recent advances in understanding the biogenesis of iron-sulfur (Fe-S) proteins, most studies focused on aerobic bacteria as model organisms. Accordingly, multiple players have been proposed to participate in the Fe-S delivery step to apo-target proteins, but critical gaps exist in the knowledge of Fe-S proteins biogenesis in anaerobic organisms. Mrp/NBP35 ATP-binding proteins are a subclass of the soluble P-loop containing nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase superfamily (P-loop NTPase) known to bind and transfer Fe-S clusters in vitro. Here, we report investigations of a novel atypical two-domain Mrp/NBP35 ATP-binding protein named MrpORP associating a P-loop NTPase domain with a dinitrogenase iron-molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis domain (Di-Nase). Characterization of full length MrpORP, as well as of its two domains, showed that both domains bind Fe-S clusters. We provide in vitro evidence that the P-loop NTPase domain of the MrpORP can efficiently transfer its Fe-S cluster to apo-target proteins of the ORange Protein (ORP) complex, suggesting that this novel protein is involved in the maturation of these Fe-S proteins. Last, we showed for the first time, by fluorescence microscopy imaging a polar localization of a Mrp/NBP35 protein.

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