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Muscle Nerve. 2019 May;59(5):611-618. doi: 10.1002/mus.26421. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Frequency-dependent lipid raft uptake at rat diaphragm muscle axon terminals.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
2
School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia.
3
Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

In motor neurons, cholera toxin B (CTB) binds to the cell-surface ganglioside GM1 and is internalized and transported via structurally unique components of plasma membranes (lipid rafts).

METHODS:

Lipid raft uptake by axon terminals adjoining type-identified rat diaphragm muscle fibers was investigated using CTB and confocal imaging.

RESULTS:

Lipid raft uptake increased significantly at higher frequency stimulation (80 Hz), compared with lower frequency (20 Hz) and unstimulated (0 Hz) conditions. The fraction of axon terminal occupied by CTB was ∼45% at 0- or 20-Hz stimulation, and increased to ∼65% at 80 Hz. Total CTB fluorescence intensity also increased (∼20%) after 80-Hz stimulation compared with 0 Hz.

DISCUSSION:

Evidence of increased lipid raft uptake at high stimulation frequencies supports an important role for lipid raft signaling at rat diaphragm muscle axon terminals, primarily for motor units physiologically activated at the higher frequencies. Muscle Nerve 59:611-611, 2019.

KEYWORDS:

bulk endocytosis; cholera toxin; clathrin; motor neuron; neuromuscular junction; synaptic vesicle retrieval

PMID:
30677149
PMCID:
PMC6465132
[Available on 2020-05-01]
DOI:
10.1002/mus.26421

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