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Plant Dis. 2018 Apr;102(4):799-806. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-04-17-0505-RE. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Bacterial Gall of Loropetalum chinense caused by Pseudomonas amygdali pv. loropetali pv. nov.

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University of Florida Department of Plant Pathology, Gainesville, FL.
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, Gainesville, FL.
University of Florida Department of Plant Pathology, GCREC, Wimauma, FL.
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.


In 2012, stem gall samples on Loropetalum chinense were sent to Florida diagnostic labs from Alabama and Florida nurseries. A fluorescent pseudomonad was consistently isolated from the galls. The organism was originally identified in Alabama based on 16S rRNA sequencing as Pseudomonas savastanoi, which causes a production-limiting disease of olive. The loropetalum strains and reference strains were compared using LOPAT, Biolog, fatty acid analysis, multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA), and pathogenicity tests. The LOPAT tests placed the loropetalum strains within Pseudomonas syringae. Biolog and fatty acid analysis placed the strains in various pathovars of P. syringae and P. savastanoi, respectively. MLSA of a set of housekeeping genes separated the loropetalum strains from the olive knot-inducing strains. Our work indicates there is a need to use more tests than 16S rRNA to accurately diagnose new bacterial diseases. In pathogenicity tests, the loropetalum strains produced galls only on loropetalum, but not on olive, mandevilla, or almond, indicating this strain is not a threat to the olive industry. Based on the pathogenicity assays and molecular tests, loropetalum strains represent a distinct and new pathovar, P. amygdali pv. loropetali pv. nov., for which the strain PDC13-208 (= DSMZ 105780PT) has been designated as the pathotype strain.


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