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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Feb;67(2):247-251. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_831_18.

Clinical profile of uveitis patients developing central serous chorioretinopathy: An experience at a tertiary eye care center in India.

Author information

1
Department of Uvea, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
2
Department of Vitreoretina, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
3
Department of Uvea and Ocular Pathology, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

Purpose:

To evaluate clinical profile of patients with uveitis who developed central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).

Methods:

Retrospective case series of consecutive patients of uveitis with CSC managed at a tertiary eye care center in India between 1994 and 2014. The data about clinical features, investigations, treatment, and outcomes were obtained from their medical records.

Results:

A total of 31 eyes of 26 patients with uveitis with a diagnosis of CSC between June 1994 and May 2014 were included in the study. The mean age of presentation was 42.8 ± 9.2 years, and 88.4% of the patients were male. CSC was bilateral in 19.2% of the patients, and in 38.4% patients uveitis was because of infectious etiology. CSC developed in 23 (88.5%) patients when they were on oral corticosteroid. The most common cause of uveitis in our study was choroiditis (48.4%), followed by retinal vasculitis (12.9%). The mean time for resolution of CSC was relatively less in patients with uveitis because of infectious etiology. In 10% eyes vision remained the same and deterioration of vision was noted in 19% eyes. Best corrected visual acuity of the patients at the time of presentation with CSC was 0.56 ± 0.34 and after the resolution of CSC was 0.48 ± 0.5 (P < 0.0005).

Conclusion:

Patients with choroidal inflammations are more prone to develop CSC compared with other subtypes of uveitis. Management of CSC in uveitis can be challenging.

KEYWORDS:

Central serous chorioretinopathy; choroiditis; corticosteroids; uveitis

PMID:
30672479
DOI:
10.4103/ijo.IJO_831_18
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