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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Feb;67(2):240-246. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_776_18.

Renewal of driving license in India and glaucoma: A study of prevalent practice and its lacunae.

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Glaucoma Service, Prabha Eye Clinic and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Cataract and Vitreoretinal Service, Prabha Eye Clinic and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Cornea and Refractive Services, Prabha Eye Clinic and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.



Glaucoma affects different aspects of vision including visual field. This prospective observational study aims to collect details of driving license (DL) renewal procedure (in an urban metro in India) among patients with diagnosed glaucoma and the method of reporting of vision-related requirements during renewal.


One-hundred patients with diagnosed glaucoma above 40 years, having valid DL (with at least one renewal cycle), were included. Patients with other ocular comorbidities were excluded. Driving Habits Questionnaire and a questionnaire about license renewal were administered. Driving eligibility was compared to international guidelines.


Study population included patients with 69% early, 29% moderate, and 2% advanced glaucoma. Sixteen percent of patients had stopped driving. Legal license renewal procedure was bypassed by 45%. Form-1 was not submitted by 43% and 49% did not submit Form-1A at the time of renewal. Only 7.01% mentioned about glaucoma in the self-declaration form. None were asked about their visual field during renewal. Among 61 patients who submitted a medical certificate, the undersigning doctor was an ophthalmologist in only six patients. Thirty percent patients with valid Indian DL would not have satisfied International College of Ophthalmologists guidelines. Driving difficulties were experienced by 44%, more so in advanced glaucoma (F (1, 82) = 22.12, P < 0.001).


Vision-related testing at the time of renewal of DL is inadequate in India. Chronic eye diseases such as glaucoma are commonly not self-declared or detected at pre-renewal testing. Clear-cut guidelines about visual requirements and implementation are required to prevent road traffic events because of vision-related errors.


Driving; Indian guidelines; International Council of Ophthalmology guidelines; glaucoma; license; renewal

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