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Inorg Chem. 2019 Feb 4;58(3):2218-2228. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b03457. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Predictable Substituent Control of CoIII/II Redox Potential and Spin Crossover in Bis(dipyridylpyrrolide)cobalt Complexes.

Author information

1
School of Chemistry , The University of New South Wales , Kensington , NSW 2052 , Australia.
2
Department of Chemistry and MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology , University of Otago , P.O. Box 56, Dunedin 9054 , New Zealand.
3
ANSTO, Australian Synchrotron , Clayton , VIC Australia.

Abstract

A family of five easily prepared tridentate monoanionic 2,5-dipyridyl-3-(R1)-4-(R2)-pyrrolide anions (dppR1,R2)-, varying in the nature of the R1 and R2 substituents [R1, R2 = CN, Ph; CO2Et, CO2Et; CO2Me, 4-Py; CO2Me, Me; Me, Me], has been used to generate the analogous family of neutral [CoII(dppR1,R2)2] complexes, two of which are structurally characterized at both 100 and 298 K. Both the oxidation and spin states of these complexes can be switched in response to appropriate external stimuli. All complexes, except [CoII(dppMe,Me)2], exhibit gradual spin crossover (SCO) in the solid state, and SCO activity is observed for three complexes in CDCl3 solution. The cobalt(II) centers in the low spin (LS) complexes are Jahn-Teller tetragonally compressed along the pyrrolide-Co-pyrrolide axis. The complexes in their high spin (HS) states are more distorted than in the LS states, as is also usually the case for SCO active iron(II) complexes. The reversible CoIII/II redox potentials are predictably tuned by choice of substituents R1 and R2, from -0.95 (Me,Me) to -0.45 (CN,Ph) V vs Fc+/Fc, with a linear correlation observed between E1/2(CoIII/II) and the Swain-Lupton parameters of the pyrrolide substituents.

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