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Sports (Basel). 2019 Jan 18;7(1). pii: E23. doi: 10.3390/sports7010023.

Promoting Stair Climbing as an Exercise Routine among Healthy Older Adults Attending a Community-Based Physical Activity Program.

Author information

1
Department of Nutritional Sciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0038, USA. hongu@email.arizona.edu.
2
Chiba Prefectural University of Health Sciences, Chiba 261-0014, Japan. mieko.shimada@cpuhs.ac.jp.
3
Chiba Prefectural University of Health Sciences, Chiba 261-0014, Japan. rieko.miyake@cpuhs.ac.jp.
4
Comprehensive Welfare, Urawa University, Saitama 336-0974, Japan. nakajima@urawa.ac.jp.
5
Department of Physical Education, International Budo University, Chiba 299-5295, Japan. in-nakaj@budo-u.ac.jp.
6
National Institute of Fitness & Sports in Kanoya, Kagoshima 891-2311, Japan. yositake@nifs-k.ac.jp.

Abstract

Stair climbing provides a feasible opportunity for increasing physical activity (PA) in daily living. The purpose of this study was to examine the daily walking and stair-climbing steps among healthy older adults (age: 74.0 ± 4.9 years; Body Mass Index (BMI): 22.3 ± 2.5 kg/m²). Participants (34 females and 15 males) attended a weekly 6-month community-based PA program. During the entire program period, daily walking and stair-climbing steps were recorded using a pedometer (Omron, HJA-403C, Kyoto, Japan). Before and after the 6-month program, height, body weight and leg muscle strength were assessed. After the 6-month program, the mean walking and stair-climbing steps in both women and men increased significantly (p ≤ 0.01). Daily stair-climbing steps increased about 36 steps in women and 47 steps in men. At the end of 6 months, only male participants had significant correlation between the number of stair steps and leg muscle strength (r = 0.428, p = 0.037). This study reported that healthy older adults attending the community-based PA program had regular stair-climbing steps during daily living. Promoting stair climbing as an exercise routine was feasible to increase their walking and stair-climbing steps.

KEYWORDS:

aging; community-based program; pedometer; physical activity; stair-climbing; walking

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