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Curr Obes Rep. 2019 Mar;8(1):18-32. doi: 10.1007/s13679-019-0324-4.

Women's Use of Social Media: What Is the Evidence About Their Impact on Weight Management and Body Image?

Author information

1
Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, School of Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Université Laval, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
2
Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, School of Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Université Laval, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. sophie.desroches@fsaa.ulaval.ca.
3
Université Laval, Pavillon des services, Office 2729-P, 2440 Hochelaga Boulevard, Quebec City, Quebec, G1V 0A6, Canada. sophie.desroches@fsaa.ulaval.ca.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW:

This review aims to summarize recent research on the effects of social media-delivered weight management interventions on weight loss and the impact of social media use on body image concerns in women and adolescent girls.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Evidence supports the feasibility, but not the efficacy, of studies using single-component social media-delivered weight management interventions (i.e., including no other modes of intervention delivery) in women. Studies conducted in adolescent girls and women suggest that the impact of social media on body image outcomes is mostly detrimental, but is dependent on the context (e.g., exposure to idealized social media appearance images), peers' feedback, and constructs, such as appearance comparison tendency. More research is needed to conclude on the efficacy of social media-delivered interventions on both weight and body image outcomes and to understand how and when exposure to social media could promote effective weight management and also advocate positive body image in women.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Body image; Review; Social media; Weight management; Women’s health

PMID:
30666619
DOI:
10.1007/s13679-019-0324-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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