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Mol Med Rep. 2019 Mar;19(3):2029-2040. doi: 10.3892/mmr.2019.9878. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Identification of differentially expressed genes and enriched pathways in lung cancer using bioinformatics analysis.

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Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400010, P.R. China.
Department of Clinical Medicine, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830054, P.R. China.


Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer‑associated mortality worldwide. The aim of the present study was to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and enriched pathways in lung cancer by bioinformatics analysis, and to provide potential targets for diagnosis and treatment. Valid microarray data of 31 pairs of lung cancer tissues and matched normal samples (GSE19804) were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Significance analysis of the gene expression profile was used to identify DEGs between cancer tissues and normal tissues, and a total of 1,970 DEGs, which were significantly enriched in biological processes, were screened. Through the Gene Ontology function and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis, 77 KEGG pathways associated with lung cancer were identified, among which the Toll‑like receptor pathway was observed to be important. Protein‑protein interaction network analysis extracted 1,770 nodes and 10,667 edges, and identified 10 genes with key roles in lung cancer with highest degrees, hub centrality and betweenness. Additionally, the module analysis of protein‑protein interactions revealed that 'chemokine signaling pathway', 'cell cycle' and 'pathways in cancer' had a close association with lung cancer. In conclusion, the identified DEGs, particularly the hub genes, strengthen the understanding of the development and progression of lung cancer, and certain genes (including advanced glycosylation end‑product specific receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor) may be used as candidate target molecules to diagnose, monitor and treat lung cancer.

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