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Curr Med Chem. 2019 Jan 21. doi: 10.2174/0929867326666190121120735. [Epub ahead of print]

Therapeutic options for homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia: the role of Lomitapide.

Author information

1
Dipartimento Biomedico di Medicina Interna e Specialistica (DIBIMIS), University of Palermo. Italy.
2
Dipartimento Biomedico di Medicina Interna e Specialistica (Di.Bi.Mi.S), Policlinico "Paolo Giaccone", Università di Palermo; Via del Vespro 129, 90127 Palermo . Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Lomitapide (Juxtapid® in US and Lojuxta® in Europe) is the first developed inhibitor of the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) approved as a novel drug for the management of homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH). It acts by binding directly and selectively to MTP thus decreasing the assembly and secretion of the apo-B containing lipoproteins both in the liver and in the intestine.

AIMS:

The present review aims at summarizing the recent knowledge on lomitapide in the management of HoFH.

RESULTS:

The efficacy and safety of lomitapide have been evaluated in several trials and it has been shown a reduction of the plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by a average of more than 50%. Although the most common side effects are gastrointestinal and liver events, lomitapide presents generally with a good tolerability and satisfactory patients compliance. Recently, in Europe, to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of lomitapide, the LOWER registry (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02135705) has been established in order to acquire informations on HoFH lomitapide-treated patients from "real life" clinical practice. Furthermore, the observation that lomitapide decreases triglyceride levels may be considered for patients affected by severe forms of hypertriglyceridemia who undergo recurrent episodes of pancreatitis and are poor responders to conventional treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lomitapide represents an innovative and efficacious drug for the treatment of HoFH. Long-term safety data, treatment of pediatric and pregnant HoFH patients and management of severe hypertriglyceridemia still requires further investigations.

KEYWORDS:

HoFH – Lomitapide – LOWER Registry – MTP inhibition – MTP SNPs

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