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Indian J Radiol Imaging. 2018 Oct-Dec;28(4):476-479. doi: 10.4103/ijri.IJRI_162_18.

Dealing with technical challenges in embolization of a rare aberrant left inferior bronchial artery arising from the left gastric artery in a patient with massive hemoptysis.

Author information

1
Department of Interventional Radiology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India.
2
Department of Chest Medicine, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Bronchial artery embolization is an established intervention for management of recurrent massive hemoptysis in a majority of patients. The source of bleeding in a majority of cases is systemic arteries - orthotopic bronchial arteries, anomalous bronchial arteries, or nonbronchial systemic collaterals. We report a case of an aberrant left inferior bronchial artery arising from the left gastric artery (LGA) in a patient with massive hemoptysis. Such origin from infradiaphragmatic vessels and specially left gastric arteries is very rare and needs to be considered by interventional radiologists and pulmonologists in case with hemoptysis disproportionate to supply by orthotopic arteries. Technical challenges were present in the present case in the form of an aneurysm in the aberrant artery and nontarget hepatic and gastric branches arising from LGA. Appropriate selection of hardware and embolic agents was done to deal with the clinical situation.

KEYWORDS:

Aberrant bronchial artery; bronchial artery embolization; left gastric artery; massive hemoptysis; nonbronchial systemic collaterals

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