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Indian J Radiol Imaging. 2018 Oct-Dec;28(4):401-405. doi: 10.4103/ijri.IJRI_296_18.

Neuroimaging features of fatal high-altitude cerebral edema.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Gangtok, Sikkim, India.
2
Department of Neuroimaging and Interventional Radiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Acute high-altitude cerebral edema can occur in an unacclimatised individual on exposure to high altitudes and sometimes it can be fatal. Here we have described the neuroimaging features of a patient who suffered from fatal high altitude cerebral edema. Available literature is reviewed. Probable pathogenesis is discussed. The risk of acute mountain sickness is reported up to 25% in individuals who ascend to an altitude of 3500 meter and in more than 50% subjects at an altitude of 6000 meter. The lack of availability of advanced imaging facilities at such a higher altitude makes imaging of such condition a less described entity.

KEYWORDS:

CT scan; Cerebral edema; high altitude; magnetic resonance imaging; microhemorrhages

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