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Brain Res. 2019 May 15;1711:68-76. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2019.01.018. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Dephosphorylation by calcineurin regulates translocation of dynamin-related protein 1 to mitochondria in hepatic ischemia reperfusion induced hippocampus injury in young mice.

Author information

1
Tianjin Medical University First Center Clinical College, Tianjin, China.
2
Department of Anesthesiology, Tianjin First Center Hospital, Tianjin, China.
3
Department of Anesthesiology, Tianjin First Center Hospital, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: yzxwenliyu@163.com.

Abstract

Hepatic ischemia reperfusion (HIR) has been found to induce brain injury and cognitive dysfunction. Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) mediated mitochondrial fission involves oxidative stress, apoptosis and several neurological diseases. In this study, we investigated whether Drp1 translocation to mitochondria was implicated in HIR induced hippocampus injury in young mice, and further detected the role of calcineurin in the regulation of mitochondrial dynamics. 2-week C57BL/6 mice were chosen to make HIR model. Western blot was used to detect mitochondrial dynamics regulating proteins in whole hippocampal tissues and extracted mitochondria. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe mitochondrial morphology. TUNEL staining and ELISA (serum S100β/NSE concentrations) were used to evaluate neurons apoptosis and brain injury respectively. Drp1 inhibitor Mdivi-1 and calcineurin inhibitor FK506 were utilized to further confirm the role of Drp1 and calcineurin. Results showed that HIR affected mitochondrial dynamics in a fission-dominant manner with translocation of Drp1 to mitochondria in hippocampus of young mice. HIR induced increased expression of calcineurin and dephosphorylation of Drp1 at Ser637 in hippocampus. Treatment with Mdivi-1 and FK506 upregulated the phosphorylation of Drp1, inhibited Drp1 translocation to mitochondria, and alleviated mitochondrial fragmentation after HIR. What's more, Mdivi-1 and FK506 restrained cytochrome c release and cleaved caspase-3 expression, ameliorated hippocampal neurons apoptosis, and decreased serum S100β/NSE concentrations as well. These data suggest that calcineurin mediated Drp1 dephosphorylation and translocation to mitochondria play a crucial role in HIR induced mitochondrial fragmentation and neurons apoptosis in hippocampus.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Calcineurin; Dynamin-related protein 1; Hepatic ischemia reperfusion; Hippocampus injury; Mitochondrial dynamics

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