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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Jan 17;16(2). pii: E262. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16020262.

A Cross-Sectional Description of Parental Perceptions and Practices Related to Risky Play and Independent Mobility in Children: The New Zealand State of Play Survey.

Author information

1
Human Potential Centre, School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 0632, New Zealand. charlotte.jelleyman@aut.ac.nz.
2
Human Potential Centre, School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 0632, New Zealand. julia.mcphee@aut.ac.nz.
3
Department of Pediatrics, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, British Columbia Children's' Hospital Research Institute, British Columbia Injury Research and Prevention Unit, Vancouver, BC V6H 3V4, Canada. mbrussoni@bcchr.ubc.ca.
4
Professor and Department Head, Occupational Therapy, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. anita.bundy@colostate.edu.
5
Professor of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia. anita.bundy@colostate.edu.
6
Human Potential Centre, School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 0632, New Zealand. scott.duncan@aut.ac.nz.

Abstract

The potential for risky play and independent mobility to increase children's physical activity, and enhance cognitive development and emotional wellbeing has been recognised for some time. The aim of this study was to describe the attitudes of New Zealand parents towards such risky play practices and independent mobility, the barriers preventing them from allowing their children to participate, and how often their children engaged in risky play activities. An online survey comprised mostly of validated scales and standardised questions was completed by a nationally representative sample of 2003 parents. We found that parents had neutral feelings about the risk of injury to their child through play, rather they were concerned about road safety and "stranger danger". There was strong agreement that there are multiple benefits to be gained from exposure to risk and challenge, and that health and safety rules are too strict. However, 73% of respondents stated that their 5⁻12 year old child seldom or never engaged in four or more risky activities, and only 14.3% engaged in four or more often or always. While parents agree that their child is likely to benefit from risky play, they do not have the confidence to allow their children to engage in such activities. Future research should address barriers and fears when implementing strategies to facilitate risky play.

KEYWORDS:

free play; injury prevention; outdoor play; physical activity; real play; risk tolerance; stranger danger

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