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Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2019 Jan;23(1):389-396. doi: 10.26355/eurrev_201901_16787.

Comparison of genioglossus muscle activity and efficiency of dexmedetomidine or propofol during drug-induced sleep endoscopy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome.

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Department of General Surgery and Medical-Surgical Specialties, Section of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.



The purpose of this study is to evaluate the haemodynamic and respiratory effects of dexmedetomidine vs. propofol in patients with OSAHS during the drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE), and analyze simultaneously the electromyography of genioglossus muscle.


We conducted a study on 50 patients with OSAHS; patients were subjected to DISE with simultaneous polygraphic cardiorespiratory measurement and electromyography of genioglossus muscle. Patients undergoing DISE were divided in two groups: in Group A (19 M; 8 W) was administered propofol TCI and in Group B (16 M; 7 W) was administered dexmedetomidine TCI.


In Group A, a mean minimal SpO2 decreasing of 3.7% (p=0.000) and a mean SpO2 decreasing of 1.6% (p 0.001) was noticed, while there was an increase in BP20 of 14.8% (p=0.000) and HR20 of 11.1% (p=0.000). In Group B, it was showed a decreasing of mean minimal SpO2 and mean SpO2 values, about 1.8% (p=0.000) and 1.1% (p 0.009) respectively, while there was an increase of BP20 and HR20, about 8.7% (p=0.000) and 8% (p 0.002), respectively. Despite EMG activity comparing spontaneous sleep with propofol-DISE, there is a statistically significative change for the amplitude (p=0.040) and an increase of 7.01% for the area under the curve (AUC). Comparing spontaneous sleep with dexmedetomidine-DISE induced one, there is only an increase of 25.87% in the AUC.


A greater worsening of the cardio-respiratory basal values was noted after sleep induction with Propofol and same results were obtained confronting EMG of genioglossus muscle data.

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