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J Clin Periodontol. 2019 Feb;46(2):170-180. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.13072. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Relationship of periodontal disease and domains of oral health-related quality of life.

Author information

1
Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, La Trobe Rural Health School, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia.
2
Department of Population and Patient Health, Dental Institute, King's College London, London, UK.
3
Centre of Population Oral Health and Clinical Prevention, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of periodontal disease on the domains of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of United Kingdom adults.

METHODS:

National representative data from the 2009 Adult Dental Health Survey, United Kingdom, were used in this study. Periodontal disease severity was measured using periodontal pocket depth and categorized into three groups: pocket depth up to 3.5, 3.5-5.5 and more than 5.5 mm. OHRQoL was measured using the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) scores. Bivariate and multivariable Zero-inflated Poisson regression analysis was used.

RESULTS:

A total of 6378 participants was analysed in this study. Periodontal pocketing was significantly associated with higher OHIP-14 scores. Participants with periodontal pocket depths >3.5 mm had a significantly higher prevalence for functional limitation, physical pain and social disability than participants with pocket depths of less than 3.5 mm. Participants with periodontal pocket depth(s) >5.5 mm had significantly higher OFOVO prevalence in all the domains of OHIP-14 except handicap domain than participants with pocket depth(s) <3.5 mm.

PARTICIPANTS:

CONCLUSION:

This study showed that for a nationally representative sample of the United Kingdom population, periodontal disease was significantly associated with the domains of OHRQoL.

KEYWORDS:

Adult Dental Health Survey; oral health-related quality of life; periodontal pockets

PMID:
30657192
DOI:
10.1111/jcpe.13072

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