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J Exerc Rehabil. 2018 Dec 27;14(6):968-973. doi: 10.12965/jer.1836396.198. eCollection 2018 Dec.

Maximal isometric handgrip strength: comparison between weight categories and classificatory table for adult judo athletes.

Author information

Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group, Sport Department, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Combat Centre, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia.
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Human Movement Pedagogy Department, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia.


The aims of this study were to compare the maximal isometric handgrip strength of judo athletes from different weight categories and to create a classificatory table for this test. A total of 406 athletes had their maximal isometric handgrip strength measured, following standardized recommendations. Absolute and relative values were calculated for each hand and for the sum of both hands. Weight categories were compared through a one-way analysis of variance, followed by Tukey test. The effect size was determined by partial eta squared, and the relationship between variables was determined using Pearson correlation coefficient. There was a large effect of weight category in absolute handgrip strength for each hand and for the sum of both hands, with lower values for the lighter categories. Conversely, when the relative strength was considered higher values were found for the lighter categories (P<0.001). Very large and significant positive correlations (P<0.001) were found between right and left for absolute (r=0.886) and relative (r=0.883) handgrip values. Overall, there was an increase in absolute and a decrease in relative handgrip strength across weight categories. These differences found in grip strength in weight categories are probably linked to differences in muscle mass between them. There was a high correlation between each hand for absolute and relative values, which suggests that assessing only one hand may be enough, and therefore a faster way of evaluation. Finally, the normative classificatory table created may serve as a reference for different purposes.


Combat sports; Martial arts; Sports performance; Tests

Conflict of interest statement

CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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