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Oncol Lett. 2019 Jan;17(1):348-354. doi: 10.3892/ol.2018.9612. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Analysis of the inhibitory effects of miR-124 and miR-152 on human epithelial ovarian cancer xenografts in a nude mouse model.

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Department of Gynecology, Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang, Weifang, Shandong 262500, P.R. China.
Department of Gynecology, The Second People's Hospital of Dezhou, Dezhou, Shandong 253000, P.R. China.


This study investigated the inhibitory effects of miR-124 and miR-152 on the growth of human ovarian cancer (OC) SKOV3 cell line subcutaneous xenografts in nude mice. Twenty-eight healthy nude mice were selected and divided into the experimental group 1 (n=4), experimental group 2 (n=4), negative control group 1 (n=4), negative control group 2 (n=4), blank control group 1 (n=4), blank control group 2 (n=4) and observation group (n=4) according to the principle of similarity in body weight. The transfected SKOV3 cells were inoculated subcutaneously into the nape of the nude mice. After tumorigenesis, miR-124 mimics, miR-152 mimics, and their negative controls were transiently transfected into human OC SKOV3 cells via lipofection method. The expression levels of miR-124 and miR-152 were detected via reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and those of Ki-67 and caspase-3 were detected by western blotting. After transfection, the expression levels of miR-124 and miR-152 in the SKOV3 cells were significantly upregulated. The nude mice were sacrificed 36 days later, and tumor nodes of nude mice transfected with miR-124 and miR-152 grew slowly. Compared with that in the experimental groups, tumor size in the blank control and negative control groups was gradually increased with the increment of days (P<0.05). The volume of subcutaneous xenografts in nude mice of miR-124 and miR-152 experimental groups was obviously smaller than that in the blank control and negative control groups (P<0.05). Besides, the inhibition of tumor size in the observation group was more significant than that in the experimental groups (P<0.05). Thus, miR-124 and miR-152 inhibit the growth of human epithelial OC xenografts in nude mice, and they are expected to become new targets for gene-based therapy of OC.


SKOV3 cell; miR-124; miR-152; nude mouse model; ovarian cancer

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