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Transplant Proc. 2019 Jan - Feb;51(1):90-91. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.03.141. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Liver Cirrhosis From Chronic Hypervitaminosis A Resulting in Liver Transplantation: A Case Report.

Author information

1
Hepatobiliopancreatic Surgery and Liver Transplantation Unit, Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Virgen del Rocío University Hospital, Seville, Spain. Electronic address: patri_gm_90@hotmail.com.
2
Hepatobiliopancreatic Surgery and Liver Transplantation Unit, Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Virgen del Rocío University Hospital, Seville, Spain.

Abstract

Herein we report a case of liver dysfunction caused by consumption of vitamin A supplements leading to liver transplantation. The patient was a 48-year-old male with a medical history of congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma in treatment with vitamin A until 12 years of age, at which point he discontinued the supplements because he had developed ascites. Liver cirrhosis was diagnosed as secondary to hypervitaminosis A on the basis of histologic examination of liver biopsy and the absence of other potential causes of chronic liver disease. Despite interruption of administration of vitamin A, the patient continued to deteriorate over the years, with development of portal hypertension signs. His medical conditions were aggravated with the development of hepatic insufficiency manifested by refractory ascites, renal insufficiency, and severe encephalopathy and he underwent orthotopic liver transplantation, followed by disappearance of all signs of portal hypertension. This case highlights the need to take a careful history of consumption of vitamin A when evaluating a patient with liver failure.

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