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J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2019 Mar;32(3):319-332. doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2018.10.018. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Intracardiac Flow Analysis: Techniques and Potential Clinical Applications.

Author information

1
Cardiology Unit and LTTA Center, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy. Electronic address: donatomele@libero.it.
2
Cardiology Unit and LTTA Center, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.
3
Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.
4
Department of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, Casa di Cura S. Michele, Maddaloni, Italy.
5
GLM Esaote Spa, Genova.
6
Cardiology Unit and LTTA Center, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy; Maria Cecilia Hospital, GVM Care and Research, E.S. Health Science Foundation, Cotignola, Italy.

Abstract

Analysis of intracardiac flows has gained increasing interest in the last years. This analysis has become possible due to the development of technologies for noninvasive cardiovascular imaging, which allow visualization and quantitation of intracardiac flow dynamics. Several studies have shown that abnormalities in cardiac function are related to changes in intracardiac vortical flows. Thus, analysis of cardiac vortex has been used for better understanding of the pathophysiology in many heart diseases and to test initial clinical hypotheses. The aims of this review are to introduce the reader to the topic of intracardiac flow dynamics, to briefly describe current cardiac imaging techniques for analysis of the intracardiac vortex, and to indicate potential clinical applications of a vortex-based approach to the study of cardiac function.

PMID:
30655024
DOI:
10.1016/j.echo.2018.10.018

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