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Diabetologia. 1988 Aug;31(8):585-91.

Oxidative and non-oxidative glucose metabolism in non-obese type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients.

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1
Division of Endocrinology and Clinical Biochemistry, CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Abstract

Insulin resistance is a common feature of Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. This defect in insulin-mediated glucose metabolism could result from a defect in either glucose oxidation or non-oxidative glucose disposal. To examine this question, euglycaemic insulin clamp studies were performed in 16 normal weight Type 2 and 11 age-matched control subjects. In Type 2 diabetic patients the fasting plasma glucose concentration, 8.39 +/- 0.50 mmol/l, was allowed to decline (over 54 +/- 6 min) to 5.33 +/- 0.11 mmol/l before starting the insulin clamp. Total body glucose uptake was significantly decreased in Type 2 diabetic patients vs control subjects (148 +/- 15 vs 264 +/- 25 mg/min.m2, p less than 0.001). Both total glucose oxidation (59 +/- 6 vs 89 +/- 6 mg/min.m2, p less than 0.005) and non-oxidative glucose disposal (89 +/- 15 vs 179 +/- 24 mg/min.m2, p less than 0.005) were significantly reduced in the Type 2 diabetic patients. Basal glucose oxidation was also reduced in the Type 2 diabetic patients (22 +/- 3 vs 38 +/- 5 mg/min.m2, p less than 0.01). In conclusion, during the postabsorptive state and under conditions of euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemia, impairment of glucose oxidation and non-oxidative glucose disposal both contribute to the insulin resistance observed in normal weight Type 2 diabetic patients. Since lipid oxidation was normal in this group of diabetic patients, excessive non-esterified fatty acid oxidation cannot explain the defects in glucose disposal.

PMID:
3065112
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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