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Aging Male. 2019 Jan 16:1-12. doi: 10.1080/13685538.2018.1542673. [Epub ahead of print]

Is the combined auriculotherapy approach superior to magneto-auriculotherapy alone in aging males with lower urinary tract symptoms? A randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
a School of Nursing , The Hong Kong Polytechnic University , HungHom , Hong Kong.
2
b Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing , Baltimore , MD , USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The negative impact of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) on affected males is substantial. This study aims to assess whether a combined auriculotherapy (AT) using laser AT (LAT) and magneto-AT (MAT) is more effective than using MAT alone or placebo for managing LUTS of aging males.

METHODS:

A randomized controlled, double-blinded trial was conducted. Sixty-two aging males with moderate or severe LUTS symptoms were randomly allocated into groups: Group 1, placebo LAT plus placebo MAT (n = 20); Group 2, combined AT approach using LAT plus MAT (n = 20); and Group 3, placebo LAT followed by MAT (n = 22). Six ear acupoints assumed to be suitable for alleviating LUTS were used. The total treatment period was 4 weeks, with follow-up visits till 3 months. Generalized estimating equations model was used for the examination of the interactions among the groups over time.

RESULTS:

A combined AT approach exhibited a stronger treatment effect in relieving voiding problems, improving the peak urinary flow rate, and reducing the post-void residual urine than the placebo group or MAT alone.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study demonstrates that the AT protocol used in this study for aging males with LUTS is feasible and can be adopted in future study of increased scale.

KEYWORDS:

Aging male; auriculotherapy; elder; laser; lower urinary tract symptoms; randomized controlled trial

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