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Aging Male. 2019 Jan 16:1-12. doi: 10.1080/13685538.2018.1542673. [Epub ahead of print]

Is the combined auriculotherapy approach superior to magneto-auriculotherapy alone in aging males with lower urinary tract symptoms? A randomized controlled trial.

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a School of Nursing , The Hong Kong Polytechnic University , HungHom , Hong Kong.
b Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing , Baltimore , MD , USA.



The negative impact of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) on affected males is substantial. This study aims to assess whether a combined auriculotherapy (AT) using laser AT (LAT) and magneto-AT (MAT) is more effective than using MAT alone or placebo for managing LUTS of aging males.


A randomized controlled, double-blinded trial was conducted. Sixty-two aging males with moderate or severe LUTS symptoms were randomly allocated into groups: Group 1, placebo LAT plus placebo MAT (n = 20); Group 2, combined AT approach using LAT plus MAT (n = 20); and Group 3, placebo LAT followed by MAT (n = 22). Six ear acupoints assumed to be suitable for alleviating LUTS were used. The total treatment period was 4 weeks, with follow-up visits till 3 months. Generalized estimating equations model was used for the examination of the interactions among the groups over time.


A combined AT approach exhibited a stronger treatment effect in relieving voiding problems, improving the peak urinary flow rate, and reducing the post-void residual urine than the placebo group or MAT alone.


This study demonstrates that the AT protocol used in this study for aging males with LUTS is feasible and can be adopted in future study of increased scale.


Aging male; auriculotherapy; elder; laser; lower urinary tract symptoms; randomized controlled trial

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