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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2019 Jan 16. doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.003231. [Epub ahead of print]

Sphingobacterium athyrii sp. nov., a cellulose- and xylan-degrading bacterium isolated from a decaying fern (Athyrium wallichianum Ching).

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1​College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, PR China.
2​College of Teacher Education, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, PR China.
3​New Technique Centre, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, PR China.


Assessment of the bacterial diversity associated with a decaying fern, Athyrium wallichianum Ching, revealed the presence of a novel bacterial strain named M46T. It was Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and aerobic with cellulose and xylan degradation abilities. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain M46T was affiliated to the genus Sphingobacterium, exhibiting the highest sequence similarity of 97.9 % to Sphingobacterium ginsenosidimutans THG 07T, Sphingobacterium canadense CR11T and Sphingobacterium detergens6.2 ST. Multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) based on concatenated sequences of the rpoB, cpn60 and 16S rRNA genes showed that strain M46T clustered together with S. canadense CR11T. The genome of strain M46T had a G+C content of 40.6 mol% and chromosome of 6 853 865 bp. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) between strain M46T and S. detergens 6.2 ST and S. siyangense SY1T was 85.1 and 78.1 %, respectively. DNA-DNA relatedness values among strain M46T and other closely related Sphingobacterium species were <70 %. ANI and DNA-DNA relatedness findings strongly supported M46T as a putative novel strain of Sphingobacterium. The predominant fatty acids of strain M46T were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, and MK-7 was the dominant isoprenoid quinone. The polar lipid profile of strain M46T contained phosphatidylethanolamine as the dominant component, while minor amounts of phosphoglycolipid, one unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified phospholipids and four unidentified lipids were also detected. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, MLSA results, genomic characteristics, and phenotypic and biochemotaxonomic analyses, strain M46T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Sphingobacterium, for which the name Sphingobacterium athyrii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is M46T (=CGMCC 1.13466T=JCM 32543T).


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