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Ann Card Anaesth. 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):18-23. doi: 10.4103/aca.ACA_227_17.

Conversion during off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A case-control study.

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Departments of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Relief, Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Departments of Cardiovasular Sciences, Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.



Off pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery is carried out as an alternative to conventional coronary artery bypass grafting using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). At times 'conversion' to CPB may be required to bail out a situation resulting from acute decompensation of the heart. It is reported that such conversion carries significant mortality risk. Since we conduct coronary revascularization by OPCAB technique as the preferred technique, we conducted this study with an aim to identify the markers of adverse outcome during conversion in Indian patients.


Case control retrospective study.


Tertiary referral center.


We conducted three thousand two hundred OPAB surgeries in the period between 2013 to16. Ninety patients (3.1%) required conversion to complete the revascularization (Con version group). Twice the number of patients who underwent OPCAB surgery without conver sion were chosen as controls (Control group).


OPCAB surgery Results: Mortality in the conversion group was 5.56% in contrast to 0.06% in the controls (P = 0.01). The conversion group had higher left ventricular end diastolic pressure, incidence of endarterectomy, and intra-aortic balloon counter pulsation requirement. Female gender was also predictive of conversion. The total chest drain, duration of ventilation, ICU stay and hospital stay were also higher in the conversion group. Conversion was associated with 9.47 times the odds for mortality.


Conversion during OPCAB is associated with significantly increased mortality. Female gender, increased left ventricular end diastolic pressure and preoperative requirement of Intra-aortic balloon are markers of increased risk of mortality when converted.


Conversion; intra-aortic balloon pump; mortality; off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery

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