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Allergy. 2019 Jan 15. doi: 10.1111/all.13722. [Epub ahead of print]

EAACI position paper: Comparing insect hypersensitivity induced by bite, sting, inhalation or ingestion in human beings and animals.

Author information

1
Comparative Medicine, The Interuniversity Messerli Research Institute of the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Medical University of Vienna and University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
2
Institute of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center of Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
3
Center of Allergy and Environment (ZAUM), Member of the German Center of Lung Research (DZL), Technical University of Munich and Helmholtz Center Munich, Munich, Germany.
4
Department of Dermatology/Allergology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
5
TNO, Zeist, The Netherlands.
6
Centre for Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, Munich, Germany.
7
Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
8
Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland.
9
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
10
Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research (SIAF), Davos, Switzerland.
11
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.

Abstract

Adverse reactions to insects occur in both human and veterinary patients. Systematic comparison may lead to improved recommendations for prevention and treatment in all species. In this position paper, we summarize the current knowledge on insect allergy induced via stings, bites, inhalation or ingestion, and compare reactions in companion animals to those in people. With few exceptions, the situation in human insect allergy is better documented than in animals. We focus on a review of recent literature and give overviews of the epidemiology and clinical signs. We discuss allergen sources and allergenic molecules to the extent described, and aspects of diagnosis, prophylaxis, management and therapy.

KEYWORDS:

allergenic molecules in insects; comparative; insect bite hypersensitivity; insect food allergy; insect venom allergy

PMID:
30644576
DOI:
10.1111/all.13722

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