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J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2018 Nov-Dec;32(6 Suppl. 1):173-179.

The biomolecular interactions between endothelium and bone cells: an overview.

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Orthopaedic Clinic, University of Florence.
Operative Unit of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Fond. IRCCS Policlinico Matteo, Pavia.
Bone Metabolic Disease Unit, University of Florence.


Bone turnover is a complex set of different molecules pathways and it is strictly connected with bone vasculature. It includes every bone process concerning bone modelling and remodelling such us skeletal growth and healing process. A fundamental component of this bone architecture is played by the endothelium, that acts in a paracrine fashion on other bone stromal cells via humoral factors, growth factors and chemokines/cytokines. The alteration of those biochemical interactions between endothelium, vasculature and bone tissue may cause various pathological manifestations. Understanding the bases of the interaction between those different pathways could provide novel therapeutic strateĀ¬gies for bone disease. The Authors present an updated overview of the most common communication biomolecules between bone cells and endothelium and their interactions both in healthy and pathological conditions. Furthermore, focusing on gene and related therapies, possible future therapeutic strategies for bone vasculature/metabolic diseases are presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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