Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2019 Jan - Feb;13(1):40-46. doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2018.08.006. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Relationship of salivary adipocytokines, diet quality, physical activity, and nutrition status in adult Emirati females in United Arab Emirates.

Author information

1
Nutrition and Health Department, College of Food and Agriculture, University Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates; Sharjah Institute for Medical Research (SIMR), University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: amita.attlee@uaeu.ac.ae.
2
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates; Sharjah Institute for Medical Research (SIMR), University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: haidarah@sharjah.ac.ae.
3
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: U00036569@sharjah.ac.ae.
4
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: U00033413@sharjah.ac.ae.
5
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: U00025822@sharjah.ac.ae.
6
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: U00025912@sharjah.ac.ae.
7
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: U00032237@sharjah.ac.ae.
8
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: U00032283@sharjah.ac.ae.
9
Department of Physiotherapy, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates; Sharjah Institute for Medical Research (SIMR), University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: veena@sharjah.ac.ae.
10
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates; Sharjah Institute for Medical Research (SIMR), University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: mmadkour@sharjah.ac.ae.
11
Sharjah Institute for Medical Research (SIMR), University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: hunnikannan@sharjah.ac.ae.
12
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates; Sharjah Institute for Medical Research (SIMR), University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: sawadallah@sharjah.ac.ae.

Abstract

AIMS:

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) ranks as the fifth most obese country with increasing cardio-metabolic risks. In this paper, relationships of salivary adipocytokines (markers of cardio-metabolic syndrome), diet quality and physical activity in 90 normal-weight, overweight and obese (30 subjects in each group) Emirati adult females were investigated.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional research design was adopted. Anthropometric measurements, diet quality and physical activity questionnaires were administered. Overnight fasting saliva was collected to determine levels of adiponectin, interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α).

RESULTS:

Salivary adiponectin was significantly lower, while TNF-α was higher in obese than normal-weight subjects. IL-10 displayed a lower trend in obese subjects. Though diet quality and physical activity did not exhibit significant differences among the three groups, better diet quality and higher physical activity level were reported among normal-weight subjects. Salivary TNF-α correlated positively with body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.37; p < 0.001) and waist circumference (r = 0.31; p < 0.001), while adiponectin correlated negatively with BMI (r = -0.28; p < 0.05). IL-10 showed negative trend in correlation with obesity measures. Correlations were not observed between diet quality and physical activity with salivary adipocytokines. Interestingly, a significant negative correlation emerged between diet quality and neck circumference (r = -0.24; p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Our findings demonstrate that salivary adipocytokines correlate with obesity measures and can serve as convenient adjunct method in predicting cardio-metabolic risks in the population.

KEYWORDS:

Diet quality; Obesity; Physical activity; Salivary adipocytokines; United Arab Emirates

PMID:
30641732
DOI:
10.1016/j.dsx.2018.08.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center