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Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2019 Jan - Feb;13(1):155-160. doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2018.07.015. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

An update on obesity: Mental consequences and psychological interventions.

Author information

1
Faculty of Biology, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
2
Center for Environment and Health Studies, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
3
Institute for Research and Development, Duy Tan University, 03 Quang Trung, Danang, Viet Nam. Electronic address: vuthinga1@duytan.edu.vn.
4
School of Odonto Stomatology, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
5
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Department of Chemistry, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
6
Center for NeuroGenetics, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.
7
VNU University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
8
Thuyloi University, 175 Tay Son, Dong Da, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
9
National Institute of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
10
Faculty of Social Work, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
11
Pathology and Molecular Biology Center, National Cancer Hospital, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
12
Vietnam Women's Academy, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
13
College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 8, 210095, China.
14
Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Faculty of Information Technology, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam. Electronic address: phamvanhuy@tdt.edu.vn.

Abstract

Besides physical consequences, obesity has negative psychological effects, thereby lowering human life quality. Major psychological consequences of this disorder includes depression, impaired body image, low self-esteem, eating disorders, stress and poor quality of life, which are correlated with age and gender. Physical interventions, mainly diet control and energy balance, have been widely applied to treat obesity; and some psychological interventions including behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and hypnotherapy have showed some effects on obesity treatment. Other psychological therapies, such as relaxation and psychodynamic therapies, are paid less attention. This review aims to update scientific evidence regarding the mental consequences and psychological interventions for obesity.

KEYWORDS:

Obesity; Overweight; Psychological consequences; Psychological interventions

PMID:
30641689
DOI:
10.1016/j.dsx.2018.07.015

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